Asperger Syndrome (AS) is what is sometimes known as a developmental disorder. It is characterized by an apparent lack of many interests or by such a preoccupation with one particular subject that other activities are excluded.
People with Aspergers Syndrome frequently display characteristics such as these:
- Repetitive activities, routines or rituals
- Peculiar speech and language. This may include speaking in a very formal manner or in a monotone. People with Aspergers often take figures of speech literally
- Inappropriate social and emotional behavior. People with Aspergers may have great difficulty in interacting successfully with their peers.
- Non-verbal communication problems. This may include restricted use of gestures, inappropriate or limited facial expressions, or a gaze that is peculiar or stiff, uncoordinated, even clumsy motor movements.
Asperger Syndrome is one of the autism spectrum disorders (ASD), a group of neurological conditions characterized by some degree of impairment in language and communication skills (the degree of impairment can vary greatly), and by restrictive and sometimes repetitive patterns of behavior.
Other disorders on the ASD spectrum include: classic autism, childhood disintegrative disorder, Rett syndrome, and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (usually referred to as PDD-NOS).
To learn more about Asperger Syndrome, read Treatments for Aspergers Syndrome.